The same syringe was used, without sterilisation, on 300 children during a four-day vaccination campaign.
At least 15 children have died in rural South Sudan in a botched measles vaccination campaign that saw people as young as 12 years old administering vaccinations.
South Sudan’s health ministry blamed the deaths on human error. Health workers vaccinating the children against measles used the same syringe without sterilising it, and failed to store the vaccine properly.
Health Minister Riek Gai Kok said on Friday the deaths occurred in Nacholdokopele village in Eastern Equatoria state, where about 300 children aged up to five years old were vaccinated from May 2 to May 5.
"The team that vaccinated the children in this tragic event were neither qualified nor trained for the immunisation campaign," said Kok.
An investigation supported by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the UN children’s fund UNICEF found that the deaths were caused by severe toxicity resulting from the administration of a contaminated vaccine, according to the UN statement.
The untrained vaccination team used a single reconstitution syringe for multiple vaccine vials throughout the entire four-day campaign, and kept vaccines in a building without adequate cold storage facilities.
Thirty-two other children suffered symptoms of fever, vomiting and diarrhoea, but eventually recovered, according to the statement.
’Training not passed on’
The local vaccination teams had been trained by development partners, including the WHO. UNICEF supplied the vaccines.
"We have to look into why the training was not passed on to the teams on the ground," WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic said in Geneva.
The vaccination campaign has continued across the country in an effort to reach two million children, despite the deadly incident.
Friday’s UN statement said the risk of measles in the country remains "extremely high".
In 2016, South Sudan had at least 2,294 measles cases and 28 people died, according to UN data.
So far this year, at least one person has died and 665 people have been infected.
Measles is yet another challenge facing the East African country that has already been devastated by more than three years of civil war, a recently declared famine, and a deadly cholera outbreak.