Mukeshimana was speaking yesterday in the 7th Session of the Governing Body on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture that is taking place in Kigali.
A study by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has revealed that World population will increase to 10 billion by 2050 from around 7 billion today.
The increase of population goes hand in hand with increase in food consumption which also needs new measures and creativity in agriculture and animal resources to increase production.
According to Mukeshimana, new practices to improve food productivity are needed to be able to meet the World demand.
“As World population is expected to increase to 10 billion in 2050, 2.5 billion of them will be living in cities. Much increase will be mainly in Africa and Asia; this means that investment in Agriculture should be intensified. More production is needed through seed multiplication” she said.
According to MINAGRI, in Rwanda, much has been done to improve agricultural production. Among initiatives employed is the Crop Intensification Program (CIP) as the main driver of crop production for ensuring food security and self-sufficiency.
Through different agro-research centers in Rwanda, 90 varieties of seeds capable of resisting climate change effects were unveiled. These include beans, Irish potatoes, maize, wheat and rice seeds.
The FAO Climate, Biodiversity, Land and Water Department Assistant-Director General, René Castro Salazar said that for the world to be able to have food security, population need to embrace good agricultural practices and learn how to sustain productivity.
“Today, 1/3 of our productivity is misused. If we had to maintain them properly it would facilitate us. For us to be able to feed 10 billion in the future we need not to waste anything on productivity. People also need to use technology in agriculture since they start planting till they harvest” he said.
In Rwanda, Agriculture contributes 1/3 of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and covers 50% of exportation.