The United Nations and Congolese authorities launched an appeal Friday in Congo’s capital, Kinshasa, for $748 million to provide lifesaving assistance for 6.7 million people across the conflict-wracked country.
The appeal this year is 8 percent higher than last, and reflects a new three-year strategy.
In Geneva, where the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA, is based, spokesman Jens Laerke said the new action plan involves a more integrated approach in dealing with "two decades of recurring humanitarian crises." Conflict and widespread atrocities have left millions of people unable to cope with the daily necessities of life in Congo.
Laerke noted that the families, communities, men, women and children in Congo who are to be helped by the appeal are facing acute vulnerabilities.
"A lot of that is caused by no or very little access to basic goods and services," he said. "There is also a protection crisis related to the conflict and the violence, particularly in the eastern part of the DRC."
While more than 60 percent of the humanitarian needs have been in eastern Congo, Laerke said western and central provinces suffered from generalized poverty that required humanitarian attention.
He said among those the U.N. hoped to help this year were 2.1 million internally displaced people.
"There are half a million children less than 5 years of age suffering from acute malnutrition," he said, and hundreds of thousands of people threatened by diseases, epidemics and food shortages, especially in areas of conflict.
The OCHA spokesman also said part of the appeal will go to assisting a growing number of refugees fleeing intensified fighting in South Sudan.
Separately, the U.N. refugee agency reports 68,000 South Sudanese have sought asylum in DRC. Laerke said these refugees and the impoverished communities hosting them will need humanitarian support.
The Humanitarian Response Plan was for a three-year period, but the $748 million requested was for humanitarian operations for this year alone.
Paluku Kisaka Yereyere, the DRC’s minister of social affairs, solidarity and humanitarian action, noted that having a strategy that encompassed the period between 2017 and 2019 was important in that it helped "the community to set priorities for the next three years."
U.N. officials agreed that this would allow time for agencies to map out developmental projects so that they could be implemented more effectively in the years ahead.
Nevertheless, given the worsening levels of conflict and violence over the last year, the officials noted that basic, emergency needs were "likely to increase even further in the coming months."
In response to a question from VOA, OCHA spokesman Laerke said he did not think that there was "a direct causal link between political developments, mainly in Kinshasa, and displacement that happens across the country, DRC. That is impossible."
‘Millions are suffering’
DRC President Joseph Kabila has insisted that he remains in power until an election for a new leader is held; however, the president and opposition parties so far have not been able to agree on a date for the election, to take place sometime this year or in 2018.
In the meantime, the U.N. reports that last year, insecurity forced an average of 2,000 people to become displaced every day, prompting Rein Paulsen, the OCHA representative in the DRC, to observe that "millions of people are suffering a humanitarian crisis born out of armed conflicts and other threats."
He said that this was deeply affecting their daily lives.
"It is vital that the world does not forget the urgent and massive humanitarian needs in the DRC," he said, adding that it was critical "to mobilize the $748 million needed to respond to the growing vital needs."
- Congolese refugees, displaced by fighting between the Congo army and rebel group Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), gather around dry water taps at a transit camp southwest of Kampala, July 17, 2013.