A report released on July 5, 2017, HRW says that different people were killed by the Army, Police, Reserve Forces and DASSO while others were killed by individuals following orders by local leaders.
Dubbed ’All Thieves Must Be Killed’, the report says that at least 37 people were killed in Rubavu and Rutsiro Districts of Western Province over petty crimes like robbery, drug dealing, illegal cross border crossing and illegal fishing among others.
According to the Chairperson for the Rwanda National Commission for Human Rights, Madeleine Nirere, people who were claimed executed are still alive and others who were confirmed dead, had died following natural diseases.
A look into the findings
According to the Rwanda National Commission for Human Rights, seven people reported executed in the HRW report are alive and these include; Tharcisse Nsanzabera, Alphonse Majyambere, Daphrose Nyirabavakure, Jovan Karasankima, Elias Habyalimana, Donati Nzamwitakuze and Emmanuel Hanyurwabake.
In the HRW report, names of one person are mistaken.The report talks about Pascal Nsabiyeze while the commission says correct names are Alias Nsabiyeze.
According to the commission, four persons reportedly killed in the report, have died of natural diseases. These
are; Thaddé Uwintwali, Jean Kanyesoko, Innocent Habimana and Jean Damascène Ntiriburakaryo
Rwanda National Commission says that six persons died as a results of various accidents though HRW reports that they were executed by the Rwanda Defence Forces, National Police or DASSO officers.
These include, Jean de Dieu Bihibindi, Samuel Minani, Amurani Bazangirabate, Djuma Ntakingora, Vedaste Renzaho, Emmanuel Ntamuhanga.
The commission says that one person reportedly executed by the Rwanda Defence Forces or police officers was shot dead by the Congolese soldiers. The person was identified as Moise Tuyisenge.
Also one person reportedly executed by an RDF soldier in HRW report; the Commission says they found out that the perpetrator was procecuted and sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was identified as Emmanuel Nzitakuze.
The commission rejects accusations of two people reported by the HRW to have been killed by individuals on orders from authorities, saying that they established that perpetrators were prosecuted and sentenced by courts as they committed the offence on their own behalf. These include, Jean Claude Barayavuga and Théoneste Uzamutuma.
Rwanda National Commission for Human Rights also said that ten people were reported to have been executed, but the commission says that they are unknown in local administrative entities singled out in HRW report.
These people include, Innocent Mbarushimana, Jean Damascène Ntahondereye, Emmanuel Niyigena, Nzabandora Ndayishimiye, Hakuzimana Basabose, Naftal Nteziriza, François Buhagarike, Alexandre Bemeriki, Jean de Dieu Habiyaremye and Vincent Nshimiyimana.
"The allegation that 10 persons reported by HRW to have been executed by the Rwanda military or police officers after being accused of theft and executed on orders according to which all thieves must be killed is not true. At different times, those individuals were shot while crossing the Cyanzarwe Valley from the DRC, during the night; a pathway usually used by FDLR elements to cross to Rwanda and disrupt security. Local authorities have forbidden residents to cross the valley during the night for security purposes", Madeleine said.
These people include; Ernest Tuyishime, Jeanine Nirere, Benjamin Niyonzima, Innocent Nshimiyimana, Fulgence Rukundo, Gasore, Prosper Iradukunda, Joseph Mukeshimana, Pierre Hakizimana, Muke Flavien alias Basare.