The Minister of Justice and Attorney General, Johnston Busingye has said that security and sustainable development are mutually inclusive and should be pursued with a comprehensive approach.
He made the remarks while giving a keynote address at the opening of the fourth symposium on peace, security and Justice.
The annual event is organized by the National Police College (NPC) as part of the course requirements for the Police Senior Command and Staff Course (PSCSC) offered to senior police officers at strategic level.
“Good governance and sustainable development cannot exist in an environment that has no security,” Minister Busingye said.
The one day event was organized under the theme: “Security to enhance good governance; a key pillar for sustainable development.”
The symposium drew scholars, academicians, policymakers and other eminent officials with expertise in various fields whose work greatly influence the shaping of norms in the three areas of peace, security and justice.
The seminar is integral part of the PSCSC masters program in Peace Studies and Conflict Transformation conducted by NPC in collaboration with University of Rwanda and UK College of Policing.
It also attracted the PSCSC students from eleven African countries attending the fifth intake, and Institute of Legal Practice and Development (ILPD) students.
The students attending the fifth intake are from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, south Sudan, Uganda, Cameroon, the Gambia and Rwanda, the host.
While speaking on challenges and prospects in ensuring peace and security for sustainable development in Africa, the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Emmanuel K. Gasana pointed out that although Africa is a continent with a lot of opportunities, it is also faced with many challenges that have a direct impact on the progress of the continent.
“Inter-state conflicts and insurgencies, costly criminal activities, genocide ideologies, the trend and activities of terrorism did not leave Africa… different structural conflicts have devastated the continent; Africa’s internal challenges have been characterized by bad governance, poor leadership and political wrangles,” IGP Gasana said.
Prof. Patrick Loch Otieno Lumumba, the Director of the Kenya School of Law, who spoke on ‘visionary leadership as a foundation for good governance,’ observed that if “Africa is to be on the table as diner not a waitress,” then it’s paramount to know where the continent has come from.
“Visionary leaders are committed to values, exemplify a sense of personal integrity, radiate a sense of energy, vitality and will,” Prof. Lumumba said.
He added: “The most effective visionary leaders are responsive to the real needs of people and they develop participative strategies to include people in designing their own futures.”
Among the key personalities shaping Africa’s progress today, according to Prof Lumumba, is President Paul Kagame whom he described as a “visionary and dedicated leader that has tremendously transformed Rwanda into a country on the move” and whose “obituary had been written by pessimists.”
“Under his leadership, Rwanda has exhibited robust economic growth, became the leading country in Africa in terms of service delivery, education and in health. Levels of corruption have decreased nationwide and high levels of institutional accountability, economic recovery, and national income rose while urban poverty has decreased,” Prof Lumumba said of President Kagame.
He observed that many parts of Africa continue to endure suffering because of poor leaders, who have arrogated to themselves the monopoly of wisdom and have led their countries to pain, sorrow, and lamentation.
“However, a few examples have demonstrated that Africans can run their affairs if sound and visionary leadership takes root. The examples of Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Botswana, Mauritius and Seychelles confirm this,” he said.
Executive Director of SMART Africa Alliance, Dr. Hamadoun Toure, also spoke on ‘understanding today’s digital world opportunities and threats.’
“By the year 2020, the world will have 50 billion devices connected. The more these figures go up the more sophisticate cybercrimes become,” Dr. Hamadoun said.
He added: “Globally, an estimate of US$2.5trillion is lost due to cyber-related crimes; piracy is costing approx US$23billion and US$250 lost in violation of intellectual property, but the more sophisticated part is that the criminals are not visible and can be in many places at the same time.”
Other speakers at the symposium include the Commandant of NPC, Commissioner of Police (CP) Felix Namuhoranye; the spokesperson of the Uganda Police Force Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIGP) Asan Kasingye who gave a lecture on countering the increasingly sophisticated terrorism-challenges and way forward; Letty Chiwara, the UN Women Representatives to Ethiopia, African Union, and Economic Commission for Africa who spoke about inclusiveness for sustainability-Women’s participation; and Dr. Anita Ndoti Kiamba from University of Nairobi spoke about Security as a beneficiary and contributor to sustainable development-case study of the great lakes region.
The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry Youth and ICT, Maj. Regis Gatarayiha spoke about mainstreaming ICT-led security to respond to growing cyber threats while Prosecutor General Jean Bosco Mutangana spoke on ‘multidimensional approach to confronting new security threats: Legal adaptability.’
In his keynote address while closing the symposium, the Minister of Education Dr Papias Manimba Musafiri said that the forum presents an opportunity to share experiences and skills to combat emerging security challenges.
“Law enforcers should embrace the use of ICTs as a crucial tool to reshape police operations in the changing nature of cybercrimes,” Minister Musafiri said.