Uganda on Saturday declared the end of the bird flu outbreak, which has led to the death of thousands of birds and affected the country’s poultry export.
Christopher Kibanzanga, State Minister for Agriculture, told reporters that Uganda is now free from bird flu or avian influenza that broke out in January this year.
The outbreak was declared on Jan. 15, affecting domestic and wild birds in the three central districts of Wakiso, Kalangala, and Masaka, along with the shores of Lake Victoria.
"The laboratory samples collected from domestic poultry birds and wild birds have been confirmed negative since March to date," Kibanzanga said.
The outbreak killed at least 50,000 domestic birds and 10,000 wild birds in Uganda, according to figures from the Ministry.
Kibanzanga said the outbreak negatively impacted on the country’s economy, resulting from trade bans on the export of poultry products to neighboring Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The minister said the Kenyan government has agreed to partially lift the poultry trade ban through compartments.
Compartments are certified and licensed firms that have fulfilled the exporting conditions.
Uganda is among the countries in sub-Saharan Africa that face a high risk of a bird flu outbreak as it is crisscrossed by several routes for migratory birds, which are carriers of the virus.
Avian influenza is an infectious disease of birds caused by type A strains of the influenza virus, according to World Health Organization (WHO).
The infection can cause a wide spectrum of symptoms in birds, ranging from mild illness, which may pass unnoticed, to a fatal disease that can cause severe epidemics.
According to the WHO, avian influenza viruses do not normally infect humans but there have been instances of certain highly pathogenic strains causing severe respiratory disease in humans.