The research was published by Oxfam on Sunday, January 5th, 2020.
On Sunday, January 12th, 2020, one British citizen will have contributed to the release of an amount of CO2 equal to what one citizen from countries like Madagascar, Malawi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Guinea and Burkina Faso will contribute in a year.
The research showed that in a year, Rwandans contribute to the release of CO2 equal to 0.09 tons, 0.19 tons in Malawi, 0.25 tons in Burkina Faso, 0.49 tons in Nigeria and 1.68 tons in India.
On average, one person on earth contributes to the release of 4.7 tons of CO2 per year with one British citizen contributing to 8.3 tons per year.
Despite the high amount of Carbon Dioxide released in Britain, the British government continued to establish measures to fight pollution that can lead to an unhealthy environment and cause noncommunicable diseases like strokes, heart conditions, cancers, and chronic respiratory disease, mostly attributable to air pollution.
Extra carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases the greenhouse effect causing the planet to be warmer than it naturally should be and other calamities including the melting of ice caps and rising ocean levels, which cause flooding.
In the past 100 years, human activities led to the increase of global warming by 2.5 Celsius degrees and that resulted in climate change, floods, and extinction of several animal species.
In a study by Dr. Curt Stager, a researcher from Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, she remarked that the Sahara Desert once had abundant lakes, plants, animals and a moister, semiarid climate. She maintained that human activities altered the region’s precipitation patterns and led to a desert.
Scientific reports show that the snows of Kilimanjaro are rapidly disappearing and will be gone by 2033 and all that is due to global warming and the unnatural increase in temperatures.
Carbon Dioxide causes many health hazards including aggravated respiratory diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, and asthma and also reduced resistance to infections, fatigue and lung damage to mention a few.
Research shows that climate change will impact Rwanda’s GDP by a 4.5% reduction in its total capacity by 2030.
The research was published by the Vulnerable Twenty (V20), a dedicated cooperation initiative of economies systemically vulnerable to climate change. The research maintained that Rwandans face so many health hazards if nothing is done to tackle global climate change.
In May 2018, Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA) announced that air pollution was the leading cause of noncommunicable diseases and that major pollutants in Rwanda included smoke from motor vehicles, charcoal, and wood among others. REMA also mentioned that particulate matter in smokes was mostly hazardous. REMA recommended the use of renewable energy that produces no greenhouse gas emissions to reduce pollution.
The acceptable amount of particulate matter is 35 micrograms per cubic meter of air but in summer, the amount reaches between 100 and 150 micrograms due to pollution. To curb pollution, Rwanda has established measures including planting trees where currently trees occupy 30% of Rwanda’s total surface.
Recently Rwanda has also launched vehicles that use electricity in a bid to reduce pollution including Volkswagen ‘e-Golf’ as well as Ampersand motorcycles electric taxi motorcycles