Belgium announced it would not hand over Sebatware as it was recently requested by The National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide (CNLG).
CNLG reported that in 2015, two FDLR leaders including Ignace Murwanashyaka and Straton Musoni had been apprehended and convicted in German courts. They were found guilty of crimes against humanity by FDLR in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
CNLG strongly suggested that FDLR leaders and other militias responsible for causing instability in the Great Lakes region should also face justice.
on January 21st, 2020, CNLG Executive Secretary Dr. Bizimana Jean Damascène signed a letter requesting for the arrest and trial of Sebatware Marcel, the commissary of FDU-INKINGI and leader of P5, two anti-Rwanda political parties.
"Belgium has the responsibility to hand over Sebatware to Rwandan courts and stop him at all costs to keep spreading hate propaganda and genocide ideologies."
La Libre Afrique newspaper announced on Friday, January 24th, 2020 that Belgium has decided not to hand over Sebatware to Rwanda. "He is Belgian by nationality and there is no agreement between Belgium and Rwanda to hand over criminals."
However, Belgium has opened a case against Sebatware and he is currently under investigation.
CNLG reported that in 1990, Sebatware Marcel was the Director General of CIMERWA in former ’Commune Bugarama’, Rusizi district. He was born in former ’Commune Mukingo’, Ruhengeri prefecture and was appointed by former Minister of Trade and Industry, Joseph Nzirorera.
Sebatware is the brother-in-law of Nsabimana Deogratias who was general and Chief of Staff of the Rwandan Armed Forces, under President Habyarimana. He gained notoriety for spreading hate propaganda saying Tutsis were enemies of the country.
In 1994, Sebatware belonged to the CDR political party.
In Belgium, Sebatware was engaged in various extremist activities and on multiple accounts, denied the 1994 genocide against Tutsi. He also founded along Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, FDU-INKINGI anti-Rwanda political party.
Sebatware is also accused of taking part in terrorist activities under different anti-Rwanda groups known as P5. P5 is a conglomerate of militia and anti-Rwanda groups which, to this day, incite violence and genocide denial.
The Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) recently launched a military operation to disarm and hand over to Rwanda members of said militias and terrorist groups.
Sebatware was convicted of genocide crimes by Gacaca courts in Rwanda. CNLG said he should be stopped from supporting terrorist groups and exercising politics.
Different witnesses said that had it not been the role of Sebatware in perpetrating and executing the genocide against Tutsi, many Tutsi who sought refuge inside CIMERWA in 1994 could have survived. He lured Tutsi inside CIMERWA only to give up their cover and order their massacre.