Rwanda is on track in controlling HIV Epidemic

On 24 October 2019 at 11:30

Prime Minister, Edouard Ngirente has said that Rwanda is making good progress in controlling the HIV epidemic.

Prime Minister made the statement on Tuesday while officiating at the dissemination of the findings from the Rwanda Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (R-PHIA) at the Kigali Convention Centre.

Prime Minister pointed out that the survey results show that Rwanda is on track to achieve the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) targets for the year 2020.

“This survey also reveals that a good percentage of people living with HIV in Rwanda know their HIV status. This is a good step in controlling HIV transmission,” said Ngirente.

Survey results indicate that, in Rwanda, 3 percent of adults, or approximately 210,000 adults, 15-64 years are currently living with HIV. The annual percentage of new infections occurring each year (HIV incidence) among adults aged 15-64 is 0.08 %.
Prime Minister reminded participants that there is a need to maintain the country’s efforts, improve on the approaches and become even more innovative in looking for better solutions.

RPHIA findings released include information on the percentage of HIV prevalence, incidence and viral load suppression per year, described by age, sex, and geographic variation. The survey was conducted between October 2018 and March 2019 with the collaboration of Government institutions and various development partners.

The survey reached over 11,000 households across the country, surveying over 30,000 adults aged 15-64 years and 9,000 adolescents aged 10-14 years. RPHIA offered HIV counseling and testing with the return of results and collected information about HIV care and treatment services.

Commenting on the findings, PM Ngirente said: "Rwanda has been promoting evidence-based decisions built on transparency, and involvement of all stakeholders. Rwanda is on track to achieve the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV & AIDS targets for the year 2020."

Rwanda has made great strides towards achieving the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS 90-90-90 targets set for 2020. Rwanda has reached 84% of people living with HIV to know their status, 98% of those who know their status to be on antiretroviral treatment and 90% of those on antiretroviral treatment to have viral load suppression. This demonstrates the country’s successful efforts in linkage to treatment and care for people living with HIV.

The key findings of the Rwanda Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment are released ahead of the biggest AIDs conference on the continent, the International Conference on AIDS and STIs in Africa (ICASA) due to take place on 2 December 2019, in Kigali.

Key findings

  • The annual incidence of HIV among adults aged 15-64 years in Rwanda was 0.08%. This corresponds to approximately 5,400 new cases of HIV annually among adults in Rwanda.
  • The prevalence of HIV among adults in Rwanda was 3.0%: 3.7% among women and 2.2% among men. This corresponds to approximately 210,200 adults living with HIV in Rwanda.
  • The prevalence of viral load suppression among HIV-positive adults was 76.0%: 79.1% among women and 70.5% among men.
  • Among adults aged 15-64 years, the prevalence of HIV varied geographically across Rwanda. HIV prevalence was 1.9 times higher in urban areas compared to rural areas.

This RPHIA survey is a result of a year-long collaboration between Government institutions which are the Rwanda Biomedical Centre (RBC), National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR) and development partners that include the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ICAP at Columbia University (ICAP) and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Prime Minister, Edouard Ngirente has said that Rwanda is making good progress in controlling the HIV epidemic.