Experts say that equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water remains a global challenge which is why under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), governments around the world are committed to national targets for clean water and sanitation by 2030.
Rwanda aims to achieve universal access to clean water by 2024 by increasing daily production of clean water to 303,120 cubic meters by 2024, from 182,120 available today. On the other side however, the goal itself is a very challenging one as it requires investment in infrastructures, sanitation, and sensitization towards hygiene.
Currently, Rwanda water supply in cities is equal to 187,293 cubic meters per day compared to 290,038 cubic meters needed. The gap is bridged by proportionately distributing water as a temporary solution to ensure everyone gets a share.
The Ministry of Infrastructure stated that water sanitation companies are working towards increasing the volume of distributed water from 267, 660 cubic meters to 365, 298 cubic meters per day.
Gatete Claver, Minister of Infrastructure said: “We are working towards building adequate infrastructures especially in Kigali using funding from the African Development Bank (Afdb).”
He said that one of the projects that are expected to solve access to water are Gihira Hydropower Plant which will up the volume of water distributed from 15,000 cubic meters to 23,000 cubic meters. There is also Mwoya water treatment plant which will provide up to 3000 cubic meters, Busogwe in Nyanza which will provide 12,000 cubic meters and Kagaga in Muhanga which will avail 9000 cubic meters.
In addition, Mushogoro plant will provide 7000 cubic meters, Sake 6000 cubic meters, Muhazi plant located in Gatsibo district, 10,000 cubic meters while Kanzenze plant will provide 40,000 cubic meters per day.
Minister Gatete said “All these projects give us hope that we will achieve universal water access and sanitation by 2024 as we have planned. Currently, Rwanda supplies 267,660 cubic meters of water per day but in 2024, we expect an increase of 100,000 cubic meters.”