Since late 2021, M23 has been in confrontation with the Congolese Army (FARDC), accusing the DRC of failing to implement peace accords signed in 2013.
In the meantime, Congolese leaders persistently accuse Rwanda of supporting the rebel group, which Rwanda consistently denies, branding these claims as an attempt by DRC to shift blame onto Rwanda.
According to the recent report by the United Nations Group of Experts, DRC collaborates with and supports the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda and other armed groups like Mai Mai, based in eastern DRC.
FDLR is a terrorist outfit comprised of individuals responsible for the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
Amb. Uyarra stated that the bloc closely monitors developments in the DR Congo, particularly in the eastern region, expressing great concern and calling on all warring factions to put an end to hostilities.
She emphasized the importance of inclusive dialogue that involves all concerned parties to effectively address the security challenges in eastern DRC.
In December 2022, a high-level meeting was held in Luanda, Angola, leading to the establishment of Luanda Roadmap. The main objective of this agreement was to urge warring fractions to end hostilities.
Despite the establishment of the Luanda Roadmap, the government of Félix-Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo remained critical of this regional approach to addressing the issues.
As of February this year, the European Union launched a new cooperation and support program for the countries in the Great Lakes region, aiming to enhance peace and security in the area, providing valuable assistance to the involved nations.