It is reported that Col Simba, 85, died on July 4, 2023, in Benin, where he had been residing since his early release by the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT).
Simba was a former soldier of the Rwanda Armed Forces (FAR) and was among the soldiers who assisted former President Juvénal Habyarimana in seizing power in 1973. He served as a security adviser in Gikongoro Prefecture and Butare during as the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi unfolded.
Simba was arrested in Senegal in 2001 and subsequently transferred to Arusha, Tanzania. He was handed a 25-year sentence by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) after being found guilty of leading various attacks orchestrated by Interahamwe to exterminate Tutsis in former Butare and Gikongoro prefectures, as well as committing crimes against humanity.
In 2019, Judge Theodor Meron, the former President of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals, granted Simba early release, which sparked controversy. Rwanda contested the decision, arguing that it had not been informed beforehand, as Simba had not completed his full prison term.