The Dutch prosecutors revealed this development on Tuesday, October 3, 2023.
He was initially taken into custody in July 2022, but later, the Dutch High Court denied his extradition to Rwanda.
Despite Rwanda’s extradition request in 2012, the Dutch Court rejected his extradition, citing concerns about an unfair trial.
Rwanda accuses Karangwa of his alleged involvement in the massacre of nearly 30,000 Tutsis in April 1994, who sought refuge at Mugina parish in the current Kamonyi District, in the former Mugina commune, Gitarama prefecture.
During a hearing in December 2022, the former officer vehemently denied these accusations. He had been residing in the Netherlands since 1998 and acquired Dutch citizenship in 2002, but his Dutch nationality was revoked due to these charges.
Although his extradition was initially denied due to his current role as a quasi-political opponent, numerous voices, both in Rwanda and internationally, have risen against this initial decision of non-extradition.
Karangwa was born in former Mugina Sector, in the current Kamonyi District.
Between 1992 and 1993, he served as an intelligence officer in the former Rwanda Armed Forces (EX-FAR).
During the Genocide against the Tutsi, thousands of Tutsi citizens had sought refuge in the nearby parish of Mugina in April 1994.
It is said that the mayor of Mugina, who had tried to protect fleeing Tutsis, was killed by militia members, giving the army, police and militias free rein.
According to sources, Maj Karangwa was closely involved in the planning and execution of the massacres in Mugina, including the supply of weapons to militias that killed Tutsis.
The man and his accomplices are said to have led some 80 Tutsi civilians that had managed to escape the parish massacres to a house that was subsequently set on fire. Karangwa is also accused of having supplied the fuel.
It is said that, prior to the massacres, the man had chaired a meeting calling for Tutsi civilians to be attacked and killed. He is also alleged to have played a part in the assassination of the mayor of Mugina.