In April 2023, Gabon’s Parliament revised the Constitution, reducing the presidential term to five years.
On August 30, the military intervened after former President Ali Bongo’s disputed re-election, citing election result credibility issues.
Gabon, a central African nation, boasts abundant natural resources. It shares borders with Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of Congo while being situated on the Atlantic Ocean. With a population of 2.3 million in 2021, Gabon is sparsely populated, with forests covering 88% of its land.
The country exhibits one of Africa’s highest urbanization rates, with over four out of five Gabonese residing in urban areas.
The cities of Libreville and Port-Gentil are home to 59% of the nation’s population. Approximately half of Gabonese citizens are under 20 years of age, and the fertility rate is four children per woman in urban regions compared to six in rural areas.