The City of Kigali has unveiled a new city master plan to be implemented from 2020 up to 2050.
The new master plan has been informed by public views thus revised one which was first designed in 2013
The new master plan introduces a flexible and incremental approach to city development as it seeks to accommodate 3.8 million people in 2050 from the current 1.6 million.
The master plan is guided by economic, social and environmental drivers.
The main features highlighted by the Vice Mayor of Kigali City in charge of Urbanization and Infrastructure, Ernest Nsabimana, in the new master plan compared to the previous one comprise of flexibility where one building can be used for different purposes.
This means that one house can combine commercial activities, residence, restaurants, office and others at once to ensure integration.
the new master plan will also promote the economy for small business; meaning that people in need of microenterprises have been considered by the master plan which will enable small businesses such as shoemakers, tailors and many similar small businesses to have places for doing their businesses as requested by Rwanda Development Board.
The master plan will allow small business people to have small offices in residential areas where people can occupy without going to hire big buildings and this is part of promoting micro-economy, small enterprises.
With walking and cycling lanes serving for recreation, there will also be public spaces for recreational purposes.
Moreover, the new plan, a minimum of houses per hectare will increase from 25 to 70 houses.
Protected agricultural land decreased from 66.8 percent to 55 per cent while developed areas will increase from 32 per cent to 45 per cent as the growing population will need infrastructure and housing.
The master plan also has integrated road use and master planning; this means that to construct Kigali ring roads and Bus Rapid Transit systems require to build roads for pedestrians and cycling lanes.
The master plan will help citizens access -at walking distance- basic infrastructures, business services, health facilities, religious infrastructure, restaurants, banks, motels, markets, schools and others where they can walk at least 400 meters.
This will also reduce congestion of people seeking such services in the Central Business District (CBD).
It will also allow improvement of unplanned settlements without necessarily relocating residents. Auxiliary residential units are allowed where a house owner can annex other small houses in smart ways that can help low income earners.
Though previous master plan recommended skyscrapers, the new one integrates medium height storey-buildings.
The new master plan has integrated wetland master plan where each wetland will have its own use including recreational wetlands