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President Kagame, Angolan counterpart discuss security situation in eastern DR Congo

By IGIHE
On 12 March 2024 at 02:16

President Paul Kagame and Angolan President Joao Lourenço convened in Luanda on March 11 to discuss the security situation in eastern DR Congo during Kagame’s one-day working visit.

As Rwanda’s Presidency posted on X, the leaders focused on addressing the root causes of the conflict, emphasizing the importance of the Luanda and Nairobi processes for regional peace and stability.

Lourenço, mediating between Rwanda and DR Congo, previously hosted Congolese President Felix Tshisekedi on February 27 to address the same crisis.

The meeting responds to calls from various governments and international organizations urging a return to negotiations to prevent the crisis from escalating into a regional conflict.

Despite diplomatic efforts, the Congolese government has been criticized for prioritizing military operations over peace processes.

Tshisekedi accuses Rwanda of supporting M23 rebels, as claim which Kigali denies.

Meanwhile, Rwanda points fingers at the Congolese armed forces for integrating the FDLR, a UN-sanctioned militia linked to the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda.

In a recent meeting in Addis Ababa on February 16, regional leaders, led by Lourenço, resolved to revive the stagnant Luanda process, acknowledging the escalating conflict’s potential regional impact.

Kagame emphasized that addressing the FDLR’s integration into the Congolese army is crucial for a lasting solution. Rwanda also expressed concerns about the deployment of the SADC regional force in DR Congo.

The FDLR, formed in 2000 with Congolese political and military support, poses a threat to both DR Congo and Rwanda.

Despite a Congolese army order in November 2023 to cease contact with the FDLR, the group remained integrated, causing tension between the two nations.

The FDLR has not only jeopardized DR Congo’s security but has also launched attacks on Rwanda for over two decades.

The volatile eastern DR Congo, home to more than 130 armed groups, continues to be a hotspot of violence despite multiple intervention attempts spanning nearly 30 years.


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