The discussions in Paris drew the participation of various organizations dedicated to fighting the Genocide against the Tutsi.
These deliberations followed similar meetings in Rwanda in September of the previous year and the release of the ’Duclert Report,’ which examined France’s role during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
This comprehensive report, presented to President Macron on March 26, 2021, was authored by a committee of French historians led by Professor Vincent Duclert. The findings of this report unequivocally pointed to France’s "heavy and overwhelming responsibilities" in the tragic events that culminated in the loss of over 1 million lives during the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
In response to the report’s findings, French politicians and historians called for a more in-depth investigation into the Genocide against the Tutsi, with a specific focus on France’s role, its planning, execution, and the subsequent consequences.
Researchers emphasized the critical importance of countering any attempts to trivialize the Genocide against the Tutsi through rigorous academic inquiry.
During the conference, Dr. Emmanuel Ugirashebuja, Rwanda’s Minister of Justice, lauded the resolutions outlined in the Duclert Report.
These resolutions contributed to the improvement of bilateral relations between the two nations by acknowledging France’s responsibility during the Genocide.
Dr. Philbert Gakwenzire, President of Ibuka, an umbrella organization representing survivors of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, highlighted the conference’s broad range of topics, including historical aspects. It was evident that there was a compelling need to initiate research aimed at uncovering the truth surrounding the events of the Genocide.
Dr. Gakwenzire further disclosed that one of the conference’s outcomes involved discussions concerning the establishment of a research center dedicated to the Genocide against the Tutsi at the University of Rwanda.
President Macron has consistently striven to mend relations with Rwanda after assuming office, acknowledging the importance of normalizing diplomatic ties between the two nations.
During his visit to Rwanda in May 2021, he admitted his country’s responsibility during Genocide against the Tutsi.
Macron admitted to French guilt over its role during Genocide against Tutsi as he visited Kigali Genocide Memorial located in Gisozi where more than 250,000 victims are laid to rest.
"Standing here today, with humility and respect, by your side, I have come to recognize our responsibilities," said Macron.
He said that France had a duty to admit the "suffering it inflicted on the Rwandan people by too long valuing silence over the examination of the truth."