This was revealed today at the presentation of the 6th Rwanda’s Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) for the year 2019-20 showing Rwanda’s health progress in comparison to the past five years.
The survey focused on Rwandan females in the age brackets ranging from 15 to 49, males in the age brackets ranging from 15 to 59 and children under 5 years.
As he presented findings of the survey, Yusuf Murangwa, the Director General of NISR explained that the Government put much effort in reducing the prevalence of stunting among children under five which yielded good results.
“The Government of Rwanda did its best to reduce stunting to the extent that stunted percentages among children reduced by 5% from 38% to 33%,” he said.
Inadequate nutrition is one of the many causes of stunting. Growth failure often begins in utero and continues after birth, as a reflection of suboptimal breastfeeding practices, and inadequate complementary feeding and control of infections17.
Therefore, focusing on the critical 1000-day window from a woman’s pregnancy to her child’s second birthday is critically important.
The 2019-20 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) was primarily designed to provide up-to-date estimates of basic demographic and health indicators.
The 2019-20 RDHS also collected information on fertility, awareness and use of family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutritional status of women and children, maternal and child health, adult and childhood mortality, women’s empowerment, domestic violence, awareness and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other health-related issues such as smoking. It also tested for the prevalence of anemia, malaria, HIV, and selected micronutrient indicators.
The first survey of its kind was conducted in 1992, later in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015.