The statement released by the Government of Rwanda today reads that the deployment is a response to the request of the Government of Mozambique.
The Joint Force will work closely with Mozambique Armed Defence Forces (FADM) and forces from the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in designated sectors of responsibility.
The Rwandan contingent will support efforts to restore Mozambican state authority by conducting combat and security operations, as well as stabilisation and security-sector reform (SSR).
“This deployment is based on the good bilateral relations between the Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Mozambique, following the signing of several agreements between the two countries in 2018, and is grounded in Rwanda’s commitment to the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine and the 2015 Kigali Principles on the Protection of Civilians,” reads part of the statement.
- Beginning in October 2017, armed extremists linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) launched an insurgency in the Cabo Delgado region of Mozambique.
- The group sometimes calls themselves al-Shabaab, although they do not have known links with the Somali al-Shabaab.
- Mozambique Defence Armed Forces have been battling the extremists. Many civilians have been displaced by the fighting.
- The militants have launched attacks, and in August 2020 seized the port town of Mocimboa da Praia.
- Over fifty people were beheaded by terrorists in the province in April 2020 and a similar number in November 2020.
- In September 2020, the ISIL insurgents captured Vamizi Island in the Indian Ocean.
- On 24 March 2021, the militants seized Palma, murdering dozens of civilians displacing more than 35,000 of the town’s 75,000 residents.