Rwanda, DRC agree to continue dialogue to de-escalate tensions

On 7 November 2022 at 09:26

The Government of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have agreed to continue dialogue aimed at de-escalating ongoing tensions.

The development is part of resolutions of a meeting between Rwanda’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Vincent Biruta and his counterpart of DRC, Christophe Lutundula held on Saturday 5th November 2022 in Luanda, the capital of Angola.

They also met with Angolan President, João Lourenço who is the mediator on tensions between Rwanda and DRC.

DRC has been accusing Rwanda of supporting M23 rebel group which captured different areas in eastern part of the country, but Rwanda repeatedly denied the allegations.

On the other hand, Rwanda also accuses DRC of working with the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) to destabilize its security.

FDLR is a terrorist group formed by individuals responsible for the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.

A statement announcing resolutions of the meeting held on Saturday shows that both parties met with a view to restore trust between Rwanda and DRC.

The meeting was preceded by another one between military intelligence chiefs from both countries aimed at resuming the implementation of Luanda Roadmap laid out on 6th July 2022.

As per resolutions of the meeting, both ministers of foreign affairs agreed on the necessity to maintain political dialogue between leaders of DRC and Rwanda as way to end tensions between the two brother countries.

Among others, the meeting resolved on the deployment of troops under the Expanded Joint Verification Mechanism (EJVM) to assess the situation in Goma.

The EJVM is a mechanism of the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) composed of military officers from the 12 member countries that is charged with monitoring and verification of border violations between DRC and neighbouring countries.

It has been also resolved that heads of military intelligence will maintain discussions as meetings to mediate both countries through Nairobi and Luanda processes go on.

The meeting takes place a t a time when President Tshisekedi disclosed that he had two options to solve problems with Rwanda: diplomacy and war.

He explained that the first option did not yield good results and requested for mass recruitment of the youth into the military to deal with the enemy.

President João Lourenço (second from left) has received Dr. Vincent Biruta (first from left), Minister Lutundula (second right)and Angolan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Tete Antonio.