The body of the late president arrived at Rubambagwe Stadium, Chato, mid-morning, and he was honoured with the singing of both the national anthem and the East African anthem, and a 21-gun salute.
A Catholic Mass was then conducted by the Tanzania Episcopal Conference (TEC) president, Archbishop Gervas John Nyaisonga.
The body was later transferred to his home for burial.
President Samia Suluhu Hassan, ex-presidents Ali Hassan Mwinyi and Jakaya Kikwete, and other dignitaries were in attendance.
Mr Magufuli died on March 17, from heart complications at Mzena Hospital, and current President Samia Suluhu announced his death on the same day.
He is the first Tanzanian president to die in office.
In the past week, Mr Magufuli’s coffin was transported to six cities to allow people to pay their last respects. The burial is a culmination of commemorations for the Tanzanian leader.