The pro-life and pro-choice endless debate

By Leana Bisa
On 7 May 2022 at 08:14

For ages, it has been evident that people have different views when it comes to abortion. Some countries have legalised it is prohibited in others. There are those who are pro-life (which are against abortion) and those who are pro-choice which means they are pro-abortion.

Recently, this debate has sparked up again in different parts of the world when a document was leaked showing that the United States Supreme Court has voted to strike down the landmark Roe v. Wade decision.

Roe v. Wade was established in 1973. It was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States protects a pregnant woman’s liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction.

Just like it was leaked in 1973, this leak also prompted many to bring it to the streets in protest, some saying it should not be revoked and others saying it should be revoked.

In different parts of the world, those who are pro-life or pro-choice have arguments that they are bringing forth.

A woman has the right to her own body

Those that are pro-choice state that a woman has the right to decide what happens to her own body, that women are not just ‘wombs’.

Feminists say that a woman should be given the right to have an abortion if she wishes and that she should choose for herself what to do with that right.

Life begins at conception

Those who are pro-choice suggest that a fetus is already a human because from the moment, an egg is fertilized and has a genetic identity that it will carry for the rest of its life. Thus, having an abortion is killing a human being.

They argue that killing an innocent human being is wrong even if that human being has yet to be born.

A fetus becomes a human when it can survive outside the womb

Those who are pro abortion say that a fetus is not a human. They say personhood begins after a fetus becomes “viable” (able to survive outside the womb) or after birth, not at conception thus abortion should be legalised.

Some scientists claim that a fetus becomes a human around five months or 16 weeks, which therefore would permit people to get an abortion before and not after.

Abortion is not the killing of a human being

The pro-choice group says that abortion is the termination of a pregnancy, not a baby because embryos and fetuses are not independent, self-determining beings and they also say a person’s age is calculated from birth date, not conception.

Abortion has effect on the body

The pro-life groups say that abortion is dangerous because it can cause problems to a woman’s reproductive system or even affect her fertility.

Abortion is safe in this modern age

These people argue that abortion has been made safe due to modern technology in medicine considering it a safe practise. They argue that not legalizing abortion will cause people to abort in unpractical and unsafe ways.

Abortion reduces unwanted children

Oftenly, people do not want children because of different reasons like poverty, personal choice, illness and many other issues.

Unwanted children are made orphans or are abused by their parents or they are even subjected to a very bad life , giving women abortion rights would prevent children from having a terrible fate.

Abortion can be permitted in certain situations

This group argues that abortion should be permitted in certain situations like rape or when they child is fatal to the mother or other special situations like if the baby will have disabilities or untreatable anomalies.

Different Religions people believe abortion is going against God

The Bible does not draw a distinction between fetuses and babies by the time a baby is conceived, he or she is recognized by God.

The bible says killing applies to all human beings, including unborn babies.

In the Hindu religion, the holy text ’Kaushitaki Upanishad’ indicates that abortion is an equivalent misdeed to killing one’s own parents.

Traditional Buddhism rejects abortion because it involves the deliberate destroying of a life.

There are endless arguments on the pro-life or pro-choice debate but a fact that should no change is that abortion is not a mean of contraception and unless of rape, it is better to avoid getting one it is by using preventive contraception methods.

People who are pro-choice state that a woman has the right to decide what happens to her own body.
Many people stage protests against abortion nowadays.