The Rwandan delegation, including Foreign Minister, Dr. Vincent Biruta and Rwanda’s Ambassador to Switzerland, Marie Chantal Rwakazina, participated in these dialogues. Zelensky outlined his strategy for peace in Ukraine during the initial bilateral meeting with Kagame, emphasizing the importance of rallying African nations’ support for Ukraine.
“I informed President Kagame of the Peace Formula. The voice of African states is important to putting it into action. Rwanda’s representative attended the fourth Peace Formula meeting of advisors. This sends an important signal to other African countries,” noted Zelensky on his X account.
The Peace Formula encompasses critical points, addressing nuclear security, territorial integrity restoration, energy security, and the repatriation of prisoners of war and deportees held on Russian territory.
Zelensky highlighted Ukraine’s diplomatic efforts by establishing an embassy in Rwanda and expressed interest in strengthening ties, particularly through agricultural exports.
He estimates that the conflict in Ukraine, ongoing since the Russian invasion in February 2022, could transition to negotiations once Russia ceases its attacks.
In December 2022, Zelensky expressed the desire to establish relations with at least 30 African countries. The commitment materialized in May 2023, during Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba’s visit to Rwanda, resulting in the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on political consultations.
Speaking at the occasion, Minister Kuleba disclosed that discussions with Rwandan counterpart Dr. Vincent Biruta encompassed Zelensky’s Peace Formula and food security. Minister Kuleba reiterated Ukraine’s commitment to strengthen relations with African states based on mutual respect and mutual benefits.
Kuleba’s visit to Rwanda followed his trip to Ethiopia on May 24, where he met with various officials, including Moussa Faki Mahamat, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC), and Azali Assoumani, the President of Comoros, who currently serves as the Chairperson of the African Union.